There are five types of coins: the copper piece (cp), silver piece (sp), electrum piece (ep), gold piece (gp), and platinum piece (pp). Most people will be familiar with these coins and their relative values, except for platinum which many people will not accept at face value. Platinum is extremely rare and difficult to mine and mint, and only the dwarves have ever used it as an actual standardized currency. Characters will typically need to trade these in with a money changer, or else settle for selling them by weight at a slightly reduced value. Gold coins are not commonly used except by merchants, nobles, and other wealthy individuals, although most actual exchanges of large amounts of wealth take place in the form of trade goods such as gems or livestock. The electrum piece is the most common unit of measurement for anything of moderate value, with lesser exchanges using copper and silver. Standard exchange rates of these coins are listed to the right.
For simplicity, all varieties of coins are about the same size as modern ones. Copper, silver, and electrum coins are slightly smaller than a nickel and weigh in at approximately 100 to a pound, while gold and platinum coins are roughly the size of a penny and weigh in at about 50 to a pound. A one-foot cube, loosely piled, will contain roughly 20,000 coins, while an optimally packed container of the same size will hold roughly 40,000.
You are only able to carry a certain amount of weight at a time. The more you carry, the more quickly you tire, the slower you move, and the harder it is to fight effectively. Your weight allowance is based off of your Strength score. To determine how much you can lift and carry, refer to the table to the right. The table lists the maximum weight in pounds that you can carry at each encumbrance level. Creatures with four or more legs can carry 50% more weight than listed in the table. Normal light clothing worn doesn't count towards encumbrance.
You may carry up to your maximum unencumbered load with no penalties. If carrying a light or heavier load, you begin to take penalties as given in the table below. The Max Stamina column indicates your maximum stamina relative to your unencumbered maximum, with the resulting value rounded down. The penalty column applies to all Strength- or Dexterity-based skill checks (including attack and defense rolls), to your base Defense, and to your Speed, reducing it to a minimum of -5. It also applies to your Athletics for the purpose of determining your movement rate. In addition to these penalties, if you are overloaded, you cannot take any action requiring an attack roll and you cannot move more than 1 foot per count regardless of your Speed.
Wearing heavy armor or other gear while sleeping is generally very uncomfortable and inhibits proper rest. If you are encumbered while you sleep, you gain fatigue after the first hour of sleep as listed in the sleep fatigue column below, and you cannot remove fatigue by taking a long rest.
If you carry a heavy load for only a short period, it does not affect your stamina. If a load reduces your maximum stamina below your current stamina, your current stamina decreases by an amount equal to the encumbrance category's penalty (minimum of 1) after every minute until it is no longer above the allowed maximum value.
|Load||Max Stamina||Penalty||Sleep Fatigue|
Simple Encumbrance (Variant)
Most GMs do not enforce strict tracking of weight, especially when it comes to coinage. If your group decides that tracking encumbrance slows the game too much, you can use this simpler rule instead. Under this alternate method, you count only the weight of your armor and any item that by itself weighs more than your maximum unencumbered value, then add 20 pounds for your weapons, backpack, food, and other gear. This method is usually accurate enough, and assumes that characters carry a fairly extensive loadout of adventuring equipment and treasure, but not everything they could possibly want.
There are many weapons to choose from, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Your weapon affects how quickly you can attack, how easy it is to hit your target and how much damage you deal when you hit, how close you must be in order to hit an enemy, how well defended you are, and sometimes what special abilities you are able to use.
Weapons are divided into several groups based on similarities in fighting style and construction, such as axes or bows. Certain abilities require weapons from a specific group in order to use while others allow you to select a group that your ability applies to.
If you are not wielding any weapon, you count as unarmed, listed under gauntlets and claws. Unarmed attacks do not count as a weapon for the purpose of any spells, abilities, or effects that require a weapon or an armed character. You may make an unarmed attack even if both hands are unavailable, provided that you have at least one appendage free to attack.
Some weapons are inherently more difficult or easier to learn or use effectively. Add the weapon's accuracy to all attack rolls with the weapon.
The table to the right lists defense bonuses granted by weapons with various block ratings. Most weapons have a block value of None, Low, Medium, or High, with the actual bonus provided based on the weapon's block and your melee skill with that weapon. These weapons all add their block value as a bonus to your defense against melee attacks. You cannot take a penalty to defense based on block ratings.
Some weapons instead have a block value of By Heft. For these weapons, the effective block value is None if they are heavy, Low if they are two-handed, Medium if they are one-handed, and High if they are light.
If you have two weapons in the same hand (such as gauntlets and a sword), only the one you are actively using (the sword) applies its block bonus.
|2×Str + Size||Light||One-handed||Two-handed||Heavy|
A weapon's heft determines whether it is classified as a light, one-handed, two-handed, or heavy weapon for you. Add double your Strength and your Size and consult the table to the right to determine the highest heft weapon you can wield in each category. If the weapon's heft is greater than that shown for your heavy category, then you cannot effectively wield the weapon.
Depending on the weapon's heft category and which hand or hands you wield it in, attacks made with the weapon will have a set speed class, as listed in the table below. If no speed class is listed, then that type of weapon cannot be effectively used in that way. Note that wielding weapons with a base speed class of C+ gives a -2 penalty to accuracy.
|Heft Category||Weapon Held In|
|Two Hands||Primary Hand||Off Hand|
|*Weapon has a -2 penalty to Accuracy|
Weapons cause different amounts of damage on a hit, represented as a die roll. This damage is applied to all successful weapon attacks and, combined with your attack roll, determines how much damage is dealt and what level of wound results. If two values are given, the first number applies to melee attacks, and the second applies to ranged attacks.
A weapon's reach is listed as a range of values in yards. In order to use the weapon effectively in melee, the target must be within the range of your weapon's reach. Each weapon also has an optimal reach, which is 1 greater than the minimum reach. If you attack a target that is at your weapon's optimal reach, you gain a +1 bonus to your attack roll. Round distances to the nearest yard for purposes of determining if a target is within reach.
Durability (Optional Rule)
Weapons wear out over time and must be maintained and repaired frequently in order to continue to function well. Whenever you make an attack roll with a weapon and either die lands on a result of 1, you reduce the durability of your weapon by 1 point. This represents gradual dulling, minor chips, bowstrings wearing out, and so on. When the durability is reduced below half of its normal maximum, the weapon has a -1 penalty to accuracy and damage. If the durability reaches 0, the weapon breaks and cannot be used effectively. Magical weapons that break lose their special abilities but still detect as magical and function normally once repaired.
Most weapons can be repaired by weaponsmiths at a cost of 1% of the weapon's base price per point of durability. Once a weapon has completely broken, you can repair it for 75% of the cost of a new weapon provided that it does not have the irreparable property. Repairs can generally be completed with a few hours of work, except in the case of broken weapons, which take half the time it would take to craft the weapon from scratch.
Many weapons have special properties which have additional rules to explain how the weapon functions.
This weapon may be used for melee attacks underwater without the usual damage penalty. All other penalties for fighting underwater still apply.
This weapon deals +2 damage against hard-class armor.
This weapon deals +1 damage against medium- and hard-class armors.
This weapon applies its defense bonus to ranged attacks as well as melee attacks and grants an additional bonus to defense as listed in the parenthesis. The total bonus from all defensive weapons cannot exceed 5 + your Size, in addition to that provided by the normal block value.
If this weapon breaks, it has no value and cannot be repaired.
You do not add your Strength to the weapon's damage.
Missile weapons require ammunition to be available and two hands to load the ammunition. Once loaded, only one hand is required to use the weapon unless it also has the two-handed property. Loading can be performed as part of the attack's execution time.
This weapon cannot be used two-handed.
A ranged weapon can be used to make ranged attacks. The two numbers in parenthesis are the range increment followed by the maximum range. You suffer no penalty to attack up to a maximum range in yards equal to the range increment, a -1 to attack up to double this range, a -2 to attack up to triple this range, and so on. You cannot make an attack farther than the weapon's maximum range.
This weapon's optimal reach is 2 yards greater than its minimum reach instead of 1 yard.
This weapon comes in multiple sizes and is only usable if its size is equal to yours.
This weapon deals +2 damage against unarmored, flesh-type targets.
This weapon cannot be used two-handed to make a ranged attack.
This weapon must be used two-handed.
The table below gives the names, statistics, costs, and other properties of the available weapons, organized by weapon group.
|Throwing axe||-2||Low||3||1d12||0-1||8 ep||2||25||Ranged (5/20), slicing, thrown|
|Greatbow||-1||None||15||2d10||—||25 ep||5||50||Irreparable, missile, ranged (15/350), two-handed|
|Light bow||-1||None||3||1d8||—||4 ep||1||25||Irreparable, missile, ranged (6/60), two-handed|
|Longbow||-1||None||10||2d8||—||8 ep||3||40||Irreparable, missile, ranged (12/240), two-handed|
|Shortbow||-1||None||7||2d6||—||6 ep||2||40||Irreparable, missile, ranged (10/150), two-handed|
|Chains and Ropes|
|Kusari-gama||-2||Medium||5||1d10||0-3||4 ep||4||30||Reach, two-handed|
|Whip||-3||None||4||1d10||2-3||1 ep||2||40||Irreparable, one-handed, slicing|
|Hand crossbow||0||None||3||1d8||—||100 ep||1½||30||Mechanical, missile, ranged (5/50)|
|Heavy crossbow||0||None||12||2d8||—||50 ep||6||45||Mechanical, missile, ranged (12/180)|
|Light crossbow||0||None||8||2d6||—||35 ep||3||40||Mechanical, missile, ranged (10/150)|
|Dagger||3||Low||2||1d4||0-1||2 ep||1||40||Armor piercing, aquatic, ranged (3/15), slicing, thrown|
|Main gauche||1||High||3||1d6||0-1||8 ep||2||40||Aquatic, one-handed, slicing|
|Gauntlets and Claws|
|Gauntlet||0||Low||1||1d4||0-1||2 ep||½||40||One-handed, sized|
|Spiked gauntlet||-1||Low||2||1d8||0-1||5 ep||1||40||One-handed, sized|
|Tiger claws||0||Low||1||1d4||0-1||4 sp||½||25||Aquatic, one-handed, sized, slicing|
|Hammers, Flails, and Picks|
|Light hammer||1||Low||2||2d4||0-1||2 ep||2||30||Concussive|
|War pick||2||Low||4||2d4||0-2||5 ep||1||40||Armor piercing|
|Bastard sword||1||Low||7||2d6||0-2||15 ep||3¼||40||Slicing|
|Longsword||1||Medium||8||2d6||0-2||15 ep||3½||40||Reach, slicing|
|Javelin||0||Low||4||1d6/1d8||0-2||1 ep||2||25||Aquatic, ranged (8/80), thrown|
|Sling||-3||None||2||2d6||—||5 cp||¼||40||Concussive, irreparable, missile, one-handed, ranged (15/450)|
|Staff sling||-3||Low||9||1d8/2d8||0-2||1 sp||2||40||Concussive, missile, ranged (20/550)|
|Arming sword||1||Low||4||1d12||0-2||15 ep||2||40||Slicing|
|Short sword||1||Low||3||1d10||0-2||10 ep||1½||40||Slicing|
|Maces and Clubs|
|Heavy club||0||Low||9||2d8||1-2||3 ep||6||30||Irreparable|
|Heavy mace||0||Low||7||2d8||0-2||12 ep||3½||40||Concussive|
|Light club||0||Low||3||1d8||0-1||10 cp||1||15||Irreparable|
|Light mace||0||Low||4||2d4||0-1||5 ep||2||30||Concussive|
|Halberd||0||Low||11||2d8||2-4||20 ep||8||40||Armor piercing|
|Lance||0||None||6||2d6||2-4||4 ep||6||25||Armor piercing, irreparable|
|Pike||0||Low||12||2d6||3-5||2 ep||8||35||Armor piercing|
|Short spear||1||Low||4||1d8/1d6||1-2||1 ep||2½||35||Aquatic, ranged (5/20), thrown|
|Spear||1||Low||6||1d10/1d6||1-3||1 ep||4||40||Aquatic, ranged (5/25), reach, thrown|
|Buckler||0||By Heft||2||1d4||0-1||1 ep||2||30||Defensive (0)|
|Fortress shield||0||By Heft||11||1d8||0-2||40 ep||24||55||Defensive (6)|
|Large shield||0||By Heft||5||1d6||0-2||12 ep||8||40||Defensive (2)|
|Small shield||0||By Heft||3||1d6||0-1||3 ep||5||35||Defensive (1)|
|Tower shield||0||By Heft||7||1d6||0-2||15 ep||15||45||Defensive (4)|
|Chakram||-1||Low||2||1d6/1d10||0-1||10 ep||1½||30||Ranged (6/40), slicing, thrown|
|Shuriken||-1||None||1||1d4/1d6||0-1||2 sp||¼||10||Ranged (3/15), thrown|
|Long staff||0||Medium||9||1d12||1-4||6 sp||6||40||Irreparable, reach|
|Quarterstaff||0||Medium||6||1d10||0-3||1 sp||3||40||Irreparable, reach|
|Small staff||0||Medium||4||1d6||0-2||20 cp||1½||35||Irreparable, reach|
There is a wide variety of armor available to choose from. In reality, these armors come from many different time periods and cultures, but they are condensed here into a single list. In most cases, the best armor is the strongest you can afford and carry without weighing you down too much; however, some armors are stiff enough to hamper movement regardless of their weights. The pros and cons of each armor type will have to be weighed to make the best choice for your situation.
Different armor types have different statistics. The meanings of each are described below.
Each armor has a set of threshold ratings that are added to your base thresholds against damage from standard attacks. Certain special attacks (specified in their descriptions) ignore armor.
Armors are classified as soft, medium, or hard. In general, harder armors are heavier and provide greater protection from most weapon attacks. Certain weapons have bonuses or penalties against certain classes of armor.
Medium and hard armors can be worn over any type of soft armor. When wearing multiple layers of armor, the final threshold bonuses are equal to the outer layer's thresholds plus one less than the thresholds of each interior armor layer (minimum 0 per layer). You always count as wearing armor of the outer layer's class.
Regardless of the type of armor, getting into or out of it is usually a time-consuming process. The time listed here is the amount of time required to put on a suit of armor of that type. Getting out of the armor requires half that time. For any plate armor, the time listed assumes you have an assistant to help you. Without an assistant, field plate and full plate are treated as half plate, since some pieces cannot be equipped properly, and the time to don any plate is double the normal half plate time.
If you are interrupted while donning or doffing armor, the thresholds are reduced proportionally to the time spent so far (rounding down).
There are a few common armor properties that affect how it is used.
Wearing this armor without soft armor underneath causes 1 fatigue every hour and prevents a long rest from reducing your fatigue, as the harsh metal chafes and pinches uncomfortably if not sufficiently padded.
This armor may be worn over mail either in addition to or instead of a soft armor.
You have a -1 penalty to your Dexterity and cannot benefit from a long rest while wearing this armor.
Different armor types are listed in the table below. The cost and weight listed are for size 0 armor, and all types of armor must be sized to their specific wearer. For different sizes, adjust the cost and weight as shown in the table to the right.
|Leather coat||0||0||0||1||1||2 ep||4 lbs||Soft||1 minute|
|Arming jacket||0||0||1||1||2||15 ep||4 lbs||Soft||2 minutes|
|Gambeson||0||1||1||2||2||25 ep||6 lbs||Soft||2 minutes|
|Scale||2||3||3||3||4||125 ep||30 lbs||Medium||5 minutes||Irritating, stiff|
|Lamellar||1||3||4||4||5||175 ep||25 lbs||Medium||5 minutes||Irritating, stiff|
|1||2||2||2||3||300 ep||25 lbs||Medium||3 minutes||Irritating|
|Brigandine||3||3||4||4||4||350 ep||18 lbs||Hard||3 minutes||Multi-layered|
|Half plate||4||4||5||6||6||750 ep||35 lbs||Hard||10 minutes||Irritating, multi-layered, stiff|
|Field plate||5||6||7||7||9||2000 ep||40 lbs||Hard||15 minutes||Irritating, stiff|
|Full plate||6||7||8||8||9||7500 ep||45 lbs||Hard||20 minutes||Irritating, stiff|
The basic types of armor are described below.
Little more than thick clothing, a leather coat offers very little protection, but is still better than nothing. Any heavy clothing, such as a winter jacket or especially thick cloak, could also offer this level of protection.
An arming jacket is intended to be worn under heavier armor, such as mail or plate. It serves as padding to prevent chafing while being thin enough to not significantly hamper movement or contribute to excess heat buildup.
Typically the first suit of armor a would-be soldier purchases, a gambeson is a heavy coat comprised of dozens of layers of linen overlapping and sewn together. It provides a substantial amount of protection at relatively little cost, and other than being a bit warm is not too uncomfortable to wear. Most heavier suits of armor must be worn over a gambeson in order to offer their full protection and to not cause terrible chafing.
Scale armor consists of small pieces of metal sewn to a backing of leather or cloth. The metal pieces overlap in a way that imitates fish scales, providing decent somewhat-flexible protection all over. Individual scales can easily be knocked off in the course of a battle, so scale armor needs regular repairs to remain functional.
Lamellar is comprised of rectangular pieces of metal or thick hide sewn together at the edges. Often, but not always, the pieces overlap slightly. Unlike scale, these pieces are not sewn onto a backing material. The cords holding the edges together are an obvious weakness and must be frequently repaired.
Mail is generally the standard level of armor that any career soldier aspires to purchase and wear. It is made of thousands of tiny metal rings interlinked and riveted closed. Highly flexible and relatively light for its level of protection, mail is extremely popular. On its own, it is weak against heavy impacts, but the gambeson underneath makes up for this weakness and reinforces it all around.
Brigandine is comprised of dozens of small metal plates riveted either behind an outer layer of leather or fabric or between two separate layers. The outer layer can be plain cloth, silk, or occasionally leather, and is often decorated as much as any normal clothing. The plates generally do not overlap or do so only slightly, and are small enough to allow almost as much freedom of movement as being unarmored.
Essentially an incomplete set of field plate, half plate is armor for the torso, head, and arms, leaving the legs relatively unprotected. It is made of large, solid pieces of metal that are articulated at the joints to allow movement. Interior armor layers, such as mail and a gambeson, are relied upon to fill in gaps and cover the less protected areas. Gauntlets are included.
Field plate is a knight's armor. The entire body is covered in solid metal plates, except for a few potential weak points on joints and seams which expose the interior padding or rely on small sections of mail. Each piece of armor must be custom-fitted to its wearer, a process that requires at least one fitting a week for a month while the armor is being made. It is possible to modify plate armor to fit a new owner, but the same time restrictions apply, and it can cost as much as half the cost of the armor itself, depending on how extensive the modifications must be. Gauntlets are included.
Full plate is the most protective armor available, and is usually reserved for the richest of noble knights. As with field plate, each piece is precisely fitted to its wearer, but full plate takes even longer to create and fit: at least one fitting every other week for three months of work. Full plate needs no mail in its joints, instead using fully covered and articulated joints, keeping all areas protected at all times. Gauntlets are included.
Some weapons or armors are made of subpar materials, were worked by an unskilled craftsman, or are old and rusted. Alternatively, they could be crafted of special metals or woods or made by master artisans. Regardless of the reason, some weapons and armors are better than others. When a piece of equipment is of higher or lower quality than average, it gains special properties as listed below.
Shoddy equipment is generally only used as a last resort or when it is necessary to mass produce equipment for a town's defense. Equipment that has been left out in the elements for extended periods will often deteriorate to this level, while young apprentices might manufacture equipment of this level in their training. Buying shoddy equipment generally costs about one-third the normal price. It is very difficult to pass off as being of any higher quality. The craft TN is 6 lower than the base and the durability is half that of average equipment.
Weapons have a -2 penalty to accuracy and damage and a +1 penalty to heft, and automatically break if the attack roll is a critical failure. Armors have all thresholds reduced to half their normal value (rounded down). Additionally, you suffer a -1 penalty to Dexterity on top of any the armor would normally impose.
Many merchants will try to pass off poor equipment as being average quality, but a discerning eye can tell the difference (TN 12 Perception check, potentially applying a related crafting skill). If known to be poor quality, it generally sells for about three-fourths of the normal price. The craft TN is 3 lower than the base and the durability is reduced by 25%.
Weapons have a -1 penalty to accuracy and damage. Armors have a -1 penalty to all thresholds greater than 1.
Average equipment is just that. It sells for standard price or higher, and has no special modifiers.
Fine equipment costs 4 times the standard price. The Craft TN is 3 higher than the base and the durability is increased by 10%.
Weapons gain a +1 bonus to damage. Armors gain a +1 bonus to the two weakest thresholds starting with the most severe.
Superior equipment is generally only available on special request, and costs 12 times the base cost. They have a Craft TN 6 higher than the base and the durability is increased by 25%.
Weapons gain a +1 bonus to accuracy and damage. Armors gain a +1 bonus to all thresholds.
Masterwork equipment must be specially requested and costs 25 times the base cost. It has a Craft TN 10 higher than the base and the durability is increased by 50%.
Weapons gain a +1 bonus to accuracy and damage and a -1 bonus to heft. Armors gain a +1 bonus to all thresholds and weigh 10% less than normal. If the armor is normally stiff, that property is removed.
|Arrow, bodkin||3 sp||¼|
|Arrow, flight||1 sp||1⁄10|
|Crossbow bolt||1 sp||1⁄5|
|Crossbow bolt, bodkin||3 sp||¼|
|Sling bullet||1 sp||1⁄10|
|Boots, riding||3 ep||1½|
|Boots, soft||1 ep||1½|
|Brooch, plain||5 ep||1⁄10|
|Cap or hat||8 sp||¼|
|Cloak, cloth||1 ep||3|
|Cloak, fur||15 ep||8|
|Coat, fur||25 ep||6|
|Coat, wool||5 ep||4|
|Gown, common||5 ep||3|
|Basket, large||1 ep||1½|
|Basket, small||2 sp||½|
|Chest, large oak||20 ep||45|
|Chest, large pine||15 ep||25|
|Chest, small oak||8 ep||12|
|Chest, small pine||6 ep||8|
|Flask, aluminum (8 oz)||3 ep||½|
|Jar, glass (8 oz)||4 ep||½|
|Sack, large||5 sp||1|
|Sack, small||2 sp||1⁄5|
|Vial, glass (2 oz)||2 ep||1⁄10|
|Waterskin (1/2 gal)||4 sp||1|
|Lantern, bullseye||15 sp||2|
|Torch, extended||8 sp||4|
|Crystal, spell (empty)||1⁄10|
|Acid (2 oz vial)||50 ep||¼|
|Bell, hand||10 ep||¼|
|Bell, sleigh||1 ep|
|Book, blank||5 ep||2|
|Bottle, glass||8 ep||2|
|Caltrops (set of 20)||3 ep||2|
|Chain, heavy (per foot)||6 ep||3|
|Chain, light (per foot)||3 ep||1|
|Chalk, stick||2 cp|
|Fishing net, 10 ft. sq.||3 ep||5|
|Flint and steel||1 ep||1⁄20|
|Grappling hook||8 ep||4|
|Hammer, sledge||12 sp||10|
|Healer's kit||50 ep||3|
|Holy water (2 oz vial)||50 ep||¼|
|Ink, black (1 oz bottle)||30 ep||1⁄10|
|Ladder (10-foot)||2 sp||25|
|Lock, average||60 gp||½|
|Lock, good||100 gp||½|
|Lock, poor||25 gp||½|
|Magnifying glass||100 gp||1⁄10|
|Mess kit||3 sp||1|
|Mirror, silver||20 gp||½|
|Mirror, steel||8 ep||½|
|Oil, lamp (8 oz)||1 sp||½|
|Pan, iron||6 sp||3|
|Pot, iron||1 ep||10|
|Rations (per day)||8 sp||2|
|Rope, hemp (50 ft)||1 gp||8|
|Rope, silk (50 ft)||15 gp||4|
|Scale, merchant's||3 gp||1|
|Scroll tube||8 sp||¾|
|Signet ring or seal||8 ep||1⁄20|
|Soap, bar||5 cp||1⁄10|
|Tent, large||25 ep||30|
|Tent, small||8 ep||15|
|Thieves' tools||30 ep||3|
|Tome, spell||25 ep||2|
|Trap, hunting||10 ep||20|
|Wax, sealing||5 sp||1|
In addition to weapons and armor, there are many other supplies that adventurers may need. Some of the more common ones are listed in the table to the right. Items with special rules are detailed below.
Arrow, bodkin. When this arrow is shot from a bow, the bow acts as if it has the armor piercing property and its maximum range is reduced by 10%.
Arrow, flight. When this arrow is shot from a bow, the bow's maximum range is increased by 50%.
Bolt, bodkin. When this bolt is shot from a crossbow, the crossbow acts as if it has the armor piercing property and its maximum range is reduced by 10%.
Clothing can come in all sorts of fashions and materials, and prices can vary wildly. Those listed in the table assume relatively plain, functional clothing. Fancier varieties such as would be suitable to upper nobility can easily cost as much as 100 times this amount, and are often heavier as well.
Backpack. Always useful for an adventurer, this leather backpack is designed to distribute weight comfortably across the body as much as possible. It holds up to two cubic feet of material or 100 lbs. Various hooks and straps on the outside can also be used to attach extra items like ropes, lanterns, or weapons.
Chest, large. This wooden chest is approximately 24 by 18 by 12 inches, with sides 1 inch thick. It is often reinforced with metal along certain edges. It has a latch which can be outfitted with a lock.
Chest, small. This wooden chest is approximately 8 by 10 by 12 inches, but is otherwise like a large chest.
Most lights create moderate light in a set radius or cone, with the strength of the light diminishing past this point. Whatever light level is specified extends to the end of the radius, then the next dimmer level extends for the same distance from the edge of the stronger light, then the next dimmer, and so on. For example, if an item creates moderate light in a 5-yard radius, then it also creates dim light out to 10 yards and shadowy light out to 15 yards.
Candle. Candles are among the most common sources of light indoors and come in many varieties. A typical candle creates moderate light in a 1-yard radius and burns for 1 hour per inch. The cost listed is for a six-inch candle, but they can come in nearly any size or thickness.
Lamp. Oil- or fat-burning lamps can be made of metal or clay, and do not include an enclosure for the flame. They create moderate light in a 1-yard radius and burn for 2 hours per ounce of oil.
Lantern. Lanterns are usually metal cases with small holes to let out the light while offering some protection from wind to keep the candle or oil inside burning. Some more expensive options might instead have glass enclosures with only enough of an opening for air so the flame doesn't suffocate. They create moderate light in a 1-yard radius and burn for 2 hours per ounce of oil or 1 hour per inch of candle.
Lantern, bullseye. Bullseye lanterns are specially designed with mirrors on the inside to direct all the light in a specific direction. They create moderate light in a 5-yard cone in front of them and burn for 2 hours per ounce of oil or 1 hour per inch of candle.
Torch. A torch is a handheld light meant primarily for outdoor use. It can be made from a single stick, a bundle of reeds, or any similar implement, and has a longer-burning, flammable substance at one end, such as linens dipped in oil or fat. It creates moderate light in a 3-yard radius and burns for 20 minutes.
Torch, extended. This is a type of torch that is designed to burn for a long period. It is roughly as long as a staff or polearm, with the upper half all wrapped in burnable material that slowly burns away to keep a steady level of light. It creates moderate light in a 3-yard radius and burns for 2 hours.
These are the magic items most commonly available for purchase. Most can be found in a large city, but smaller towns will likely have a limited selection, and many villages will have none. See the individual descriptions in the magic items section.
Lock. There are many varieties of lock, but most are metal and require a specific key to open. They can be incorporated into other objects, such as in a door handle, or separate padlocks that hook through a latch or chain. Picking a lock without its key requires a Thievery (Prc) check with a TN based on the lock's complexity. A poor lock has a TN of 12, an average lock has a TN of 15, and a good lock has a TN of 18. If you do not have a set of thieves' tools, you must rely on improvised tools and take a -3 penalty to your check.
Rope, hemp. Made of natural fibers, this rope is ¾ of an inch thick and can support up to 400 lbs safely, accounting for minor wear, knots, bends, and roughly moving or falling weights. Most of the time, it can handle weights of two or three times this amount without risk, provided there are no sudden strains. Under ideal circumstances, with a straight rope and a stationary weight, it can support up to 12 times this weight. The rope breaks if it takes 40 points of damage to a single section, and its maximum safe load is reduced proportionally to the damage taken at the most damaged point.
Rope, silk. Much lighter and stronger than hemp rope, this rope can support 800 lbs safely, or 600 lbs safely when wet. It otherwise acts just like hemp rope.
Magic items come in many varieties. Most require mana in order to function, and many are made more powerful as more mana is invested into them.
Investing Mana in Objects
You can choose to add mana from your pool into a magical item in your possession at any time as a speed class C action, but you can only return the mana to your pool after a long rest. You do not need to have the item in your possession to do so. Mana invested into an item is automatically returned if the object is destroyed, if you die, or if you spend 3 consecutive days more than 1 mile away from the object.
Most magical items require a minimum amount of mana to be stored in them in order to function, and have increased potency with additional mana. You can use an item that is powered by someone else's mana. Mana from different sources doesn't mix well. If an item has mana from multiple sources powering it, its effective mana charge is equal to either the single greatest value from all sources, or half the total value, whichever is higher.
Mana invested into an item is unbound until used. Once used to power a function of the item, that mana is bound to that function and cannot be used for any other effect. You can unbind mana in items in your possession after a short rest.
Items can have multiple active properties, as long as they do not conflict with each other. If there is a conflict, the currently active property must first be deactivated before activating the new one.
Magic Weapon Properties
These magic properties can be applied to all kinds of weapons, unless specifically restricted in the description.
The weapon begins to glow brightly, shedding moderate light in a radius of 20 yards and dim light an additional 10 yards. It stops glowing when you let go of the weapon or when you choose to end the effect.
The weapon transforms into pure fire. All damage dealt by the weapon becomes fire damage until extinguished. Wherever you hold the weapon maintains its original form. Anything that could extinguish a normal large fire will extinguish the weapon, returning it to its normal form. While lit, it radiates moderate light in a radius of 10 yards.
The weapon transforms into a chilling, misty vapor that absorbs heat from anything it touches. Wherever you hold the weapon maintains its original form. All damage dealt by the weapon becomes cold damage.
You change the weapon's length, increasing or reducing both its minimum and maximum reach by up to 1 yard, to a minimum of 0. For every additional 3 mana invested, you can further change the reach by 1 yard.
The weapon transforms into pure energy visible as sparks and bolts of electricity. All damage dealt by the weapon becomes lightning damage for the duration. Wherever you hold the weapon maintains its original form. The weapon radiates dim light in a radius of 5 yards.
The weapon emits a bolt of energy that strikes a target within 2 yards of its reach. Make an unblockable Arcana (Rsn) attack that deals 1d6 damage against the target.
Magic Armor Properties
These properties can be applied to any type of armor or to articles of clothing.
Ability: Fire Resistance
You gain a +2 bonus to all thresholds against fire damage. This ability can be gained repeatedly, costing 1 additional mana each time.
Action: Fire Burst
You explode in a sudden burst of flame. Make an unblockable Arcana (Rsn) attack for 2d6 fire damage against the Reflex (Dex) defense of all targets other than yourself within 3 yards.
Action: Flame Wreath
You are cloaked in a fiery aura. All creatures within 2 yards of you take 1 point of continuous fire damage.
Magic crystals are among the most common of magic items and can be used to produce various magical effects or to add enchantments to other pieces of equipment.
Warm to the touch, this crystal grants various fire-based abilities. When attuned to a weapon, the weapon gains the Flametongue property. When attuned to a piece of armor or clothing, the armor gains the Flamecloak property.